Try Filmora: So you have shot your video, and uploaded your clips to your computer – What’s next? Video cutting! Cutting out what you don’t want and editing the video clips together! In this video Alex is going to share 5 film editing cuts every editor should know.
Let’s start with the basics. The standard cut!
The Standard Cut is when you want to cut from clip to clip without any transition, or from the end of one clip to the beginning of another. This is the most common type of cut. In a way, every cut can be considered a standard cut, but the motivation and creative ways you use a cut is what makes them different from a standard cut.
1. Match Cut
A match a cut is very similar to a standard cut, but what makes it different is that one shot is cut to another, and both are matched by the action, same shape, or subject matter. Best way to understand it, is to see it:
2. Jump Cut
The jump cut is a technique which allows the editor to jump forward in time. This is commonly cut from the same clip, but doesn’t have to be. It is most noticeably used in many YouTube vlogs and even our videos! Editors will use this technique to help speed up the video or get to the point. This entire time I have been talking actually has some examples of jump cuts, but here are some more examples.
3. J Cut and L Cut
A J Cut happens when you see clip A, and gradually hear the audio from clip B: before seeing clip B. Without this transition of audio, it would be a standard cut.
The J Cut gets its name from the shape it makes in the editing timeline. See how it kind of looks like a J?
The J Cut also has a counterpart called the L Cut. Which does the same thing, but mirrored. Both are often used for various situations, and can be an effective cut for transitioning to the next scene.
These are used more often for narrative type films like documentaries, short or feature films.
4. Cutting on Action
A cut that happens mid-action is called a Cut on Action. The idea of cutting on action is to cut one shot to another that matches the action.
Doing a cut on action will make actions appear smoother and faster. Also, a cut on action can be applied to any level of action, even for something as simple as spinning on this chair!
A montage is a collection of rapid cuts to help convey the passing of time, or to help aid the context of the narrative.
Montages are very common in Travel videos, but when used in cinema they can show things like the growing progress of the main character or the construction of something.
Those are the 5 Simple cuts I feel that every editor should know! I do want to mention that there are some other cuts out there such as cutaways, cross cutting and more so don’t limit your creativity to just these cuts!