For the first time in India, a train will go under a river. A 520 mtrs stretch of the tracks will go through a tunnel under the Hooghly. The roof of the tunnel would be about 30 metres from the ground level. A dream that started in 1984 in Kolkata, India is now becoming the most common and fastest transit methods across the country with 34 Metro Projects being either constructed or planned.
The first rapid transit system in India was the Kolkata Metro, which started operations in 1984. The Delhi Metro was India’s first modern metro and the third rapid transit system in India overall, after the Kolkata Metro and Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System (Chennai MRTS), beginning operations in 2002. Rapid Metro Rail Gurgaon, which started operations in November 2013, is India’s first privately owned and operated metro. The Mumbai Monorail, which opened on 7 February 2014 is the first monorail in India, since the closing of the Patiala State Monorail Trainways in 1927.
In 2006, the National Urban Transport Policy proposed the construction of a metro rail system in every city with a population of 20 lakhs (2 million). In May 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the Union Urban Development Ministry’s proposal to implement metro rail systems in 50 cities. Most the planned projects will be implement through special purpose vehicles, which will be established as 50:50 joint ventures between the Union and respective State Government. The Union Government will invest an estimated ₹5 lakh crore (US$74 billion).